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    Fracture Stimulation Optimization in the Redevelopment of a Mature Waterflood, Elk Hills Field, California

    Tom Walker, SPE, Shawn Kerns, SPE, Dick Scott, SPE & AAPG, Paul White, SPE, Occidental of Elk Hills, Inc., John Harkrider, SPE, APEX Petroleum Engineering, Craig Miller, SPE, BJ Services Company, Tarlochan Singh, SPE, Pinnacle Technologies Inc.


    This paper is a case history describing fracture optimization of low-permeability highly-stratified stacked turbidite sandstone reservoirs of the B interval of the Elk Hills Field. The occurrence of high-permeability, high-pressured water saturated sands immediately above and/or below the objective oil sands poses a major challenge.

    Integration of improved petrophysical understanding, geoscience techniques, hydraulic fracture model calibration and on-site, real-time execution has achieved a two-fold oil production increase in the south east nose area of the field while limiting water production to a 40% increase. Downhole tiltmeter measurements are incorporated to calibrate the fracture model and limit fracture height growth, thus regulating fracture conductivity to the oil saturated reservoirs, and minimizing contact with the adjacent wet zones.

    To date, results from surface tiltmeter1 measurements completed during twenty six fracture stages have been used with the downhole tiltmeter2 data and reservoir characterization to optimize the ongoing redevelopment from a peripheral waterflood to a pattern flood.

    Copyright 2002, Society of Petroleum Engineers Inc.

    This paper was prepared for presentation at the SPE Western Regional/AAPG Pacific Section Joint Meeting held in Anchorage, Alaska, U.S.A., 20–22 May 2002.

    This paper was selected for presentation by an SPE Program Committee following review of information contained in an abstract submitted by the author(s). Contents of the paper, as presented, have not been reviewed by the Society of Petroleum Engineers and are subject to correction by the author(s). The material, as presented, does not necessarily reflect any position of the Society of Petroleum Engineers, its officers, or members. Papers presented at SPE meetings are subject to publication review by Editorial Committees of the Society of Petroleum Engineers. Electronic reproduction, distribution, or storage of any part of this paper for commercial purposes without the written consent of the Society of Petroleum Engineers is prohibited. Permission to reproduce in print is restricted to an abstract of not more than 300 words; illustrations may not be copied. The abstract must contain conspicuous acknowledgment of where and by whom the paper was presented. Write Librarian, SPE, P.O. Box 833836, Richardson, TX 75083-3836, U.S.A., fax 01-972-952-9435.